Open Heart Surgery, Risks, Recovery and more..

Open heart surgery -

Open heart surgery is a type of surgery where the chest is open and surgery on the muscles, valves or heart arteries.

According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI), coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is the most common type of cardiac surgery in adults. During this operation, an artery or a blood vessel is grafted (attached) to a blocked coronary artery. This allows the artery grafted to "fill" the blocked artery and bring fresh blood to the heart.

Open heart surgery is sometimes called traditional cardiac surgery. Today, many new cardiac procedures can be performed with only small incisions, not large openings. Therefore, the term "open heart surgery" may be misleading.

If necessary

When is Open Surgery Needed?

The open heart operation can be performed to perform CABG. Coronary artery surgery may be required for people with coronary heart disease.

Coronary Disease occurs when blood vessels and oxygen supply to the heart muscle become tight and difficult. This is often referred to as "hardening of the arteries".

Curing occurs when fat forms a plaque on the walls of the coronary arteries. This plaque reduces the arteries so that it is difficult to pass the blood. If the blood can not circulate properly in the heart, a heart attack may occur.

Open heart surgery is also performed at:

    Repair or replace heart valves that allow the blood to pass through the heart
    Repair damaged or abnormal areas of the heart
    Implant medical devices that help the right heartbeat
    Replace a heart damaged by a certain heart (heart transplant)


How does open heart surgery work?

According to the National Institutes of Health, a CABG takes from four to six hours. Normally, these basic steps are followed:

    The patient receives general anesthesia. This ensures that the patient sleeps throughout the operation and does not suffer from pain.
    The surgeon makes an 8 to 10 inch incision in the chest.
    The surgeon cuts all or part of the patient's heart to expose the heart.
    Once the heart is visible, the patient can be connected to a cardiac-pulmonary bypass machine. The machine moves blood from the heart so that the surgeon can work. Some recent methods do not use this machine.
    The surgeon uses a vein or a healthy artery to make a new way around the blocked artery.
    The surgeon closes the sternum with the wire, leaving the wire inside the body.
    The original cut is sewn.

Sometimes, Stereo Plating is for high-risk people, such as the elderly or people with different interventions. It is then that the sternum is reconstituted with small plates of titanium after surgery.


What are the risks of open heart surgery?

The risks for open heart surgery are:

    Breastfeeding infection (most common in patients with obesity or diabetes or those who previously had CABG)
    Heart attack or stroke
    Irregular heartbeat
    Renal or pulmonary insufficiency
    Chest pain and low fever
    Memory loss or "Blur"
    The blood clot
    Loss of blood
    Difficulty breathing

According to the drug from the University of Chicago, the cardiopulmonary bypass machine is associated with increased risks. These risks include traction and memory problems.


How to prepare for open heart surgery

Tell your doctor about any medications you are taking, including medications, vitamins and herbs. Tell them all the diseases you have, including herpes, cold, flu or fever.

In the two weeks before surgery, your doctor may ask you to stop smoking and stop taking blood medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen or naproxen.

It is important to talk with your doctor about alcohol consumption before you prepare for surgery. If you usually have three or more glasses a day and you stop before going to surgery, you can go to alcohol withdrawal. This can cause fatal complications after open surgery, including seizures or tremors. The doctor can help remove alcohol to reduce the likelihood of these complications.

The day before the operation, you can wash with a special soap. This soap is used to kill bacteria on the skin and reduce the risk of infection after surgery. You can not eat and drink even after midnight.

Your doctor will give you more detailed instructions when you arrive at the hospital for surgery.

After surgery

What happens after open heart surgery?

If you wake up after the operation, you will have two or three tubes in your chest. These should help relieve the fluid from the area around your heart. You can have intravenous (IV) lines in you and give you fluids. You can have a catheter (thin tube) in the bladder to remove urine.

They are also connected to machines that control your heart. The nurses will get closer to you when there is something.

They usually spend the first night in the Intensive Care Unit (ITU). They are then placed in a regular nursing service for the next three or seven days.


Recovery, follow-up and provision

Taking care of yourself at home immediately after surgery is an essential part of your recovery.
Health Care

Engraving is extremely important. Keep the engraving site warm and dry and wash your hands before and after contact. If your engraving heals and there is no drainage, you can shower. The shower should not exceed 10 minutes with hot water (not hot). You need to make sure that the burning site is not hit directly by the water. It is also important to regularly check engraving sites for signs of infection, including:

    Increased dewatering, deburring or opening of the etching site
    Red around the engraving
    Heat along the cutting line

Pain management

Pain management is also incredibly important because it can increase recovery rate and reduce the likelihood of complications such as blood clots or lung inflammation. It can cause muscle pain, sore throat, pain in engraving sites or pain in bronze tubes. Your doctor will probably prescribe treasure medications that you can take home. It is important that you take it as prescribed. Some doctors recommend painkillers before and after physical time and before bedtime.
Turn on

Some patients have difficulty sleeping after open heart surgery, but it is important to rest as much as possible. To sleep better, you can:

    Take your painkillers half an hour before sleeping
    Remove tablets to reduce muscle tension
    Avoid caffeine, especially at night

While some believe that people with mental function may suffer a decline because of open heart surgery, recent research has revealed that this is not the case. Although some patients have open heart surgery and later a mental fall, they are thought to be more likely to be the natural effects of aging.

Some people experience depression or a fear of open heart surgery. A therapist or psychologist can help you cope with these effects.

Most people who have benefited from a CABG participate in a structured and comprehensive rehabilitation program. She is usually in surgery with visits several times a week. The components of the program include exercise, reduction of risk factors and resolution of stress, anxiety and depression.


Long-term outlook for open-heart surgery

Wait for a gradual recovery. It can take up to six weeks before you feel better and up to six months to hear all the benefits of the procedure. However, prospects are good for many people, and transplants can work for many years.

However, surgery does not prevent arterial blockage again. You can help improve the health of your heart by:

    A healthy diet to eat
    Cut to high intake of salt, fat and sugar
    This leads to a more active lifestyle
    Do not smoke
    Control of High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol
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